Hypertension is a condition in which blood pressure is higher than normal.  Blood pressure is most commonly measured with cuff sphygmomanometers and is expressed as greater/small blood pressure. If these values are constantly above 140/90 mm Hg, hypertension may be in question.

According to studies, it is known that about a quarter of the young generation has high blood pressure. The number of hypertensive people increases with age. Studies conducted %60 of people who are over 70 has high blood pressure.

High Blood Pressure Symptoms

There is some mainly signs of high blood pressure as it follows:

Headache: Most Common Hypertension Symptom

The most common symptom of hypertension is headache. It usually starts from the nape and spreads to the top. One of the points that should not be forgotten is that there are many other diseases that can cause headaches. For this reason, there is no rule that every person with a headache will have hypertension. Headaches may be observed in people who do not have any disease, only due to daily tension and fatigue.

If the headache is not due to a complication of hypertension, it does not come from the brain. This headache is due to excessive stretching of the muscle layer under the nape and scalp. The mechanism of how this tension is made is not fully understood. As the patient panics, the tension increases and the headache intensifies. With the reduction of blood pressure and correction of panic, the headache goes away and the patient feels better. Headache in hypertension is usually felt during the daytime, not so much at night. Hypertensive crisis management is really important to reveal the pain. Sudden and severe headache should be feared in patients with hypertension. In this case, the nearest health institution should be applied.

Shortness of breath

Mild dyspnea on exertion may be observed in hypertensive patients without any complications. As is known, shortness of breath is among the symptoms of many diseases. The most important cause of dyspnea in hypertension is overweight. Shortness of breath improves when weight is lost. It is necessary to distinguish shortness of breath, which is seen only in heart failure due to hypertension, from this picture. Treatment of heart failure due to high blood pressure is different.


Palpitation is the feeling of the heart beating fast. It is one of the causes of high blood pressure.and also is a common symptom in hypertension patients. The biggest reason is the anxiety, fear and stress caused by the patient’s blood pressure. Palpitations can be improved with suggestions and treatment on these issues.

Nose bleeding

Nose bleeding is one of the most frightening symptoms for patients. Nosebleeds are also common in people with normal blood pressure. In other words, if a person coughs, strains, sneezes, the nose may bleed. Nose bleeding can also be observed in influenza infections. Even a slight increase in blood pressure may cause some people’s nose to bleed. People with frequent nosebleeds may have structural defects in their nasal vessels. However, nosebleeds in patients with severe high blood pressure and untreated hypertension can be very severe. It may be necessary to treat these patients by hospitalization.

Hypertension patients with nosebleeds should have their blood pressure adjusted and kept at normal levels. Nosebleeds can sometimes be a symptom of severe hypertension. It should be treated by performing the necessary investigations.

Bleeding in the white part of the eye


Eye bleeding is similar to nose bleeding. High blood pressure is not necessarily required for these bleedings to occur. The slightest increase in pressure in the veins, may cause bleeding. Bleeding may occur due to straining, coughing, sneezing or for no reason. However, these are innocent bleeding, they pass in 2-3 weeks.

Very frequent bleeding may be a sign of latent hypertension. These people should be examined for hypertension.

Abdominal Hypertension

(ILD) or abdominal hypertension  is defined when the intra-abdominal pressure is greater than 12 mmHg. Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) occurs when ILD is accompanied by organ dysfunction, in which case the intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) is at least 20 mmHg.

Persistent Hypertension

Persistant hypertension is defined as high blood pressure despite adequate drug therapy. In this stiuation systolic blood pressure is measured above 140. Even after 3 or more medications.

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